Dr. phil. Sven Kachel
+49 (0)3641 945 940
Research Unit Person Perception
Institute for Psychology
Friedrich Schiller University of Jena
Leutragraben 1, Room 18-S07
Group therapy training with cognitive behavioral focus at the IVT Dresden (Germany)
Psychotherapy training with cognitive behavioral focus at the IVT Dresden (Germany)
PhD thesis: “Social markers of sexual orientiation and gender in speech and appearance: A combination of producer- and perceiver-centered approaches” (summa cum laude) supervised by Melanie C. Steffens and Adrian P. Simpson
Bachelor of Arts in Communication and Speech Sciences, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Germany.
B.A. thesis: “Mediale Konstruktion von Homosexualität” [Medial construction of homosexuality]
Diploma in Psychology (equivalent to M.Sc.); Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Germany
Diploma thesis: “Geschlechterrolle oder sexuelle Identität? Eine phonetisch-psychologische Untersuchung weiblicher Sprechweisen” [Gender role or sexual identity? A phonetic-psychological analysis of female speech], supervised by Melanie C. Steffens and Adrian P. Simpson
Academic studies of Communication (major subject) and Speech Sciences (minor subject) at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena
Academic studies of Psychology at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (minor subject: German Linguistics)
Research assistant at the Department of Social, Environmental, and Economic Psychology (University Koblenz-Landau, Germany)
Group therapist at a drug-rehab clinic (Weinböhla, Germany)
PhD student and research assistant in the DFG Research Unit Person Perception (Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Germany) and at the Department of Social, Environmental, and Economic Psychology (University Koblenz-Landau, Germany) in the project “Interactions of visual and auditory information in social perception related to gender and ethnicity” (DFG STE 938/10-2, FOR 1097)
Free lancing at radio station Funkwerk in Erfurt:
Presentation of the kids radio programme Fledermausfunk and the electronic music radio programme Frequenzmodulation
Internship at Podsports (activities in voice coaching and compilation of auditory content on physical trainings)
Research internship and student assistant in the DFG-funded research project “Brain activation during automatic and controlled stimulus processing before and after psychotherapeutic treatment on specific phobia” at the Department of Clinical and Biological Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University Jena
Student assistant at the Thuringian University and Federal State Library
Main research interests
My main research topic is about acoustic and perceptual correlates of sexual orientation and gender-role self-concept. In particular, I’m interested if there are actual differences between lesbian/gay and straight people in their speech (e.g., fundamental frequency measures, vowel space characteristics etc.) when controlling for psychological variables. Connectedly, I focus on raters judgements on voices and faces of sexually divergent people. Moreover, my work is about conceptualizations and measurements of masculinity-femininity. Recently, I became more interested in the social consequences of being perceived as lesbian/gay or straight and in possible mechanisms to reduce homonegativity.
Keywords: sociolinguistics (especially phonetic parameterization) – sexual orientation, gender, and masculinity/femininity – stereotypes and (self)stereotyping – impression formation and social categorization – homonegativity and attitude changes
Since 11/2012 member of the German Psychological Society (DGPs), Sections: Social Psychology
Third-party fundings and awards
DFG research grant for “Stimmstereotype gegenüber Frauen und Männern unterschiedlicher sexueller Orientierungen: Eine Kombination aus produktionsbezogenen und perzeptiven Ansätzen” [Vocal stereotypes toward women and men diverging in sexual orientations: A combination of production-related and perceptive approaches] (KA 5005/1-1: 217.400€)
Seed capital for DFG application by University of Koblenz-Landau (4.000€)
Best Thesis Award 2013 of DGPs-Section Social Psychology (250€)
Reviewing for scientific journals (selection)
Archives of Sexual Behavior
European Journal of Social Psychology
Journal of Language and Social Psychology
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Papers in peer-reviewed journals
Kachel, S., Steffens, M.C., & Simpson, A.P. (under review). Cross-modal and cross-dimensional effects in sexual orientation perception. Journal of Language and Social Psychology
Preuß, S., Ottenstein, C., Steffens, M.C., & Kachel, S. (under review). Using scenarios for measuring the affective and behavioral components of attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: Validation of the SABA-scale. Archives of Sexual Behavior
Kachel, S., Radtke, A., Skuk, V.G., Zäske, R., Simpson, A.P., & Steffens, M.C. (2018). Investigating the common set of acoustic parameters in sexual orientation groups: A voice averaging approach. PLoS ONE, 13, e0208686. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0208686
Kachel, S., Simpson, A.P., & Steffens, M.C. (2018). “Do I sound straight?”: Acoustic correlates of actual and perceived sexual orientation and masculinity/femininity in men’s speech. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 61, 1560-1578. doi: 10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-17-0125
Kachel, S., Simpson, A.P., & Steffens, M.C. (2017). Acoustic correlates of sexual orientation and gender-role self-concept in women’s speech. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 141 (6), 4793-2809. doi: 10.1121/1.4988684
Kachel, S., Steffens, M.C., & Niedlich, C. (2016). Traditional masculinity and femininity: Validation of a new scale assessing gender roles. Frontiers in Personality and Social Psychology, 7:956. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00956
Steffens, M.C., Niedlich, C., Kachel, S., & Methner, N. (2016). Impression formation of applicants differing in sexual orientation: An attempt to integrate theoretical models and a review of the empirical evidence. In F. Earley (Ed.), Sexual orientation: Perceptions, discrimination and acceptance. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Kachel, S. (2017). Social markers of sexual orientiation and gender in speech and appearance: A combination of producer- and perceiver-centered approaches. PhD thesis. University of Koblenz-Landau
Conference presentations (selection)
Kachel, S., Radtke, A., Skuk, V.G., Zäske, R., Simpson, A.P., & Steffens, M.C. (2016). Untersuchung der sexuellen Orientierung mittels Voice Morphing. [Examining sexual orientation using voice morphing] Talk at the 50th Conference of the German Society for Psychology, 18.-22.09.2016, Leipzig, Germany.
Kachel, S., Steffens, M.C., & Simpson, A.P. (2015). ‘Testing your Gaydar!’ – Do mode and target characteristics influence straight judgements? Talk at the 15th Conference of the German Society for Psychology’s Section Social Psychology, 06.-09.09.2015, University of Potsdam, Germany.
Simpson, A.P., Kachel, S., & Steffens, M.C. (2013). Doing gay, doing straight – Acoustic correlates of sexuality. Talk at the 7th Workshop of the Person Perception Research Unit „Foundations of Person Perception: Trends in Cognition and Neuroscience”, 10.-11.10.2013, Jena, Germany.
Kachel, S. (2013). Geschlechterrolle oder sexuelle Identität? Eine phonetisch-psychologische Untersuchung weiblicher Sprechweisen. [Gender role or sexual identity? A phonetic-psychological analysis of female speech] Invited talk at the 14th Conference of the German Society of Psychology’s Section Social Psychology, 01.-04.09.2013, Fernuniversity Hagen, Germany.
Kachel, S. (2013). Geschlechterrolle oder sexuelle Identität? Eine phonetisch-psychologische Untersuchung weiblicher Sprechweisen. [Gender role or sexual identity? A phonetic-psychological analysis of female speech] Invited talk at the research seminar Application areas of experimental phonetics at the Institute of German Linguistics, 27.06.2013, Jena, Germany.
Steffens, M. C., Niedlich, C., Kachel, S., & Methner, N. (2017). Identity intersections: An attempt to integrate theoretical models of impression formation. Poster presented at the 18th General Meeting of The European Association of Social Psychology, 05.-08.07.2017, Granada, Spain.
Kachel, S., Radtke, A., Skuk, V.G., Zäske, R., Simpson, A.P., & Steffens, M.C. (2016). Perceiving sexual orientation in the voice – Evidence from averaged voices of straight and LGB speakers. Poster presented at the 50th Conference of the German Society for Psychology, 18.-22.09.2016, Leipzig, Germany.
Simpson, A.P., Kachel, S., & Steffens, M.C. (2014). Is straight vs. GLB too coarse? Investigating the phonetic correlates of sexual orientation in German women. Poster presented at the BAAP Colloquium, 07.-09.04.2014, Oxford, Great Britain.
Kachel, S., Simpson, A.P., & Steffens, M.C. (2013). Lesbians do not speak differently than straight women, but they do speak differently than lesbians. Poster presented at the Final Conference of the Marie Curie Initial Training Network Language, Cognition and Gender, 13.-16.06.2013, Bern, Switzerland.
Kachel, S., Simpson, A.P., & Steffens, M.C. (2013). Phonetic Parametrization of Sexual Orientation and Gender in German. Poster presented at the 55th Conference of Experimental Psychologists, 24-27.03.2013, Vienna, Austria.
Seminar: Gender (SS 2019)
Seminar: Presentation skills (WS 2013/14)
Seminar: Fundamentals of rhetoric (WS 2013/14)
Seminar: Introduction to quantitative data analysis for linguists (SS 2013)
I’m offering supervision for bachelor and master students who are interested in writing their theses on my main research topic.
Thesis supervision (5 most recent ones)
Veronika Lessel (on-going) “Wahrnehmung der sexuellen Orientierung anhand von Handschriften.” [Perception of sexual orientation basend on handwritings.] (MA-Thesis, University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau)
Maike Kühn (March 2019) “Der Einfluss rückgemeldeter Gaydar-Performanz auf Homonegativätt und das Gefühl bedrohter Männlichkeit bei heterosexuellen Männern.” [The impact of gaydar-performance feedback on homonegativity and masculinity threat in straight men.] (MA-Thesis, University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau)
André Radtke (March 2017) “Similarly Attraction und Stimme – Eine empirische Studie zur wahrgenommenen Attraktivität und dem Point of Subjective Equivalence zwischen homo- und heterosexuell klingenden Kommunikatorstimmen.” [Similarly attraction and voice: An empirical study on the perceived attraction and the point of subjective equivalence between lesbian/gay- and straight-sounding communicator voices.] (BA-Thesis, Friedrich-Schiller-University, Jena)
Suzanne Friedrich (June 2016) “Gaydar: Wer erkennt wen woran am besten? Die Rolle von Beurteilerinnenmerkmalen bei der Erkennung von sexueller Orientierung” [Gaydar: Who identifies whom by which signals best? The role of rater characteristics in the detection of sexual orientation.] (MA-Thesis, University of Regensburg)
Blair Pinkett (March 2016): “That Sounds Gay: A Cross-Language Analysis of Gaydar and Homosexual Voice Attraction” (BA-Thesis, University of Glasgow, UK)